lugworm






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lugworm



A large worm, up to 20cm, living in the sand in the intertidal zones
of the beach. They are red-brown colored and live about 40cm under the
surface of the wet beach. The sandworm or lugworm is used as a populair
fishing bait to catch bass from beaches. The lugworm has many
enemies: krabs, flatfish and sea birds like the seagull.

A young lugworm .The gills stick to body if the worm isn't in
the seawater. The lugworm can become 8 years old.
With thanks to Bert of Topsybaits



How to catch lugworms


If you dig up the lugworm use a garden fork and
dig a trench and work along it filling it in
as you go. This is the most economical way for
collecting lugworms. When digging lugworm, back fill
all the holes as you dig. This minimises the scar
and allows the environment to quickly recover.
If fishing in summertime, keep the lugworm out
of the sun. Hot water can make them
sluggish or even kill them. Only touch
with wet hands , to avoid removing the
worms protective slime layer.


The best time and place for digging



Look for a place were there are a lot of casts on
the beach. Worms can be found between the holes and
the casts. Best time is at the end of the ebbing,
as the new tide start the worms go up in there holes.


Bad wheather (low air pressure) is a good time for digging.
Freezing wheather makes that the worms go deeper in there holes.






The lugworm can be found in the holes on the wet beach.




The casts of the lugworm contain mostly sand.







The head of the lugworm.




The lugworm uses both its skin and gills for the
exchange of oxygen with the seawater.


On a higher magnification the gills are visible.








    living with little oxygen.



    The lugsworm lives in a environment without oxygen
    So they have to supply there oxygen by propeling seawater
    through theire hole. During an ebbing period there is no seawater
    supply possible and in this situation the worm can survive
    for 5 hours without oxygen.
    The skin is permeabel for oxygen, but has external gills
    for more oxygen uptake. Most of the absorbed oxygen isn't
    used by the worm itsself but by the bacteria in its gut.



    lugworm digging, a photo made by OneillGT

    a success story

    By supplying oxygen for its bacteria the worm
    helps the bacteria to breaks down the
    food the worm has eaten: debris, other
    worms, bacteria and small shrimps.
    That food can be found on the surface
    of the seabottom but also between the sandgrains
    (meiofauna). If you want to know more about meiofauna
    on the beach, please read: sand beach


    The sandworm on the beach.
    A photo made by Ilonka




    Putting a lugworm on a hoke..

    The lugworm as a bait


    The lugworm spreads a strong flavor that attracts other fiss
    like bass. But the worm on does so a bout a 15 minutes long.
    If lugworms are stored for more then a dy the don't attract
    fishes at all.Read more about this subject at: Flatvis




    Do you really love worms?

    earth worms
    red wiggler
    white worm
    tubifex
    flatworms
    ragworms
    lugworms
    leeches
    vinegar eels
    micro worms
    snail leeches
    chaetogaster
    scoloplos armiger
    skate leech








    Sea Angling

    fishing on the Northsea

    flatflish

    Ragworm

    lugworm

    Ijmuiden

    Shrimps





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